The Right Honourable Justin Trudeau, P.C., M.P.
Prime Minister
Office of the Prime Minister 80 Wellington Street Ottawa, ON  K1A 0A2

February 23, 2020

Dear Prime Minister Trudeau,

Subject:  Why Canada needs to thwart fossil-fuel production

I am Canadian having lived in British Columbia all my 70 years. I do not stand up for national anthems—I am an independent thinker; I consider myself a borderless person. I realize that world conflicts have always been, and still are, regarding control and power over commerce and trade. However, the general global condition now dictates that cooperation between nations is required to minimize the onslaught of global warming and the resulting devastating climate change.

Your dad was a true leader, I voted for him too. He helped keep world peace and was respected throughout the world for his initiatives and leadership. Canada has long been highly regarded around the world for being fair and reasonable.  In times of world famines, Canada stepped forward with generous aid. So, Canada has long been a respected nation and I would like to see it remain that way. Your dad’s personal motto, “Reason before passion”, however, needs to be revised to “Reason before profit” to not lose this respect.

Unlike politicians, scientists don’t seek to be re-elected; they seek the truth. They warn of:
• increasing bushfires;
• loss of forestation;
• stronger storms;
• increasing severity of flooding from more active weather systems;
• loss of real estate from rising tidal lines and ground water levels;
• glacial melt;
• volcanic eruptions;
• earthquakes (as well as the ones from fracking for nature gas);
• insects dying and insects breeding out of control;
• the natural world going out of sync due to earlier springs;
• coral reefs overheating and turning lifeless;
• ocean temperatures rising and causing sea life migration and disease;
• species becoming extinct at an ever increasing rate;
• loss of habitat for many types of life;
• (your list of the items
• that I left out,
• goes here).

I can’t keep track of the changes to nature that scientists say may be attributed to global warming. It seems the list keeps getting longer as new discoveries are made everyday. Most of these changes bring economic challenges in one way or another. Please feel free to ask Greta Thunberg, Alice Munro, John Coetzee, Jane Fonda and a myriad of physicists, chemists, and natural scientists around the world to set you straight on the subject.

The Trans Mountain Pipeline will never be completed, or if it does, it will never be profitable for Canada. Here’s the reason why I feel this way. The climate scientists are sounding the alarm, and the world’s people are concerned, including Canadians. Even if supertankers could be built with many internal compartments, so that when breached, only a small spill occurs; and even if regulations were in place to ensure the supertankers were only allowed to travel as slow as the slowest swimming whale; the ultimate destination of the fuel is that it will be burned into the atmosphere somewhere in the world. Don’t you think people realize this?

Hereditary chiefs have long been regarded for protecting nature. Their philosophy is to act in a way that a few generations of your ancestors, and a few generations of your descendants, will be proud of your actions. Nobody enjoys the idea that future generations will suffer for the greed of today. Therefore, people in BC and across Canada will increasingly resist the exporting of fossil-fuels as everyday, it seems, there is further alarming news regarding climate change.

So even if indigenous bands agree with trading their world as they currently experience it, for profiting their band members; they may change their minds at any point in time—including during the construction of the pipelines.

There are many scenarios of how non-cooperation could play out. Delaying contracted workers, blocking traffic with people, blocking the flow of railways, blocking tanker traffic, throwing eggs at authorities, filling the courts with cases—these are all minor disturbances that will occur. You may also see some extreme occurrences, such as burning of equipment, the destruction of work already completed, violence with vigilante groups, filling the police with work and other costly events.

I am watching and laughing as I read the Conservative-tainted media try to divide and conquer the band members and the general public on this issue. Their efforts will be futile compared to the surge of public support nationally and abroad to do the right thing with the future of the planet in mind. I guess these people think a few protesters will be locked up and corporate interests will be able to continue to plunder the planet at will.

With new technologies becoming available every day, never-before events could surprise us. Perhaps someone will figure out a way of flying a drone with a Molotov cocktail into an oil refinery—who knows what my fellow activists are going to do on their own. I’m hoping you’re getting the picture. The expense of the maintenance of the security detail for the length of the pipeline will be prohibitive.

I have not participated in any of the recent protests regarding the B.C.’s Coastal Gaslink (liquefied natural gas) pipeline, however, I will join in when I deem my participation could make a difference.

The solution is simple—keep the fossil-fuels in the ground and subsidize Alberta’s switch to solar and clean energies. It may be a heavy investment, but it will be worth it in the long run and the whole world will be grateful for it.

Now go and look each of your three children in the eye, give them a big hug, and promise them that with your privileged position will take actions towards ensuring the preservation of paradise Earth as best as you are able.

Please respond with your intentions of assisting the country’s abandonment of fossil-fuels and the advancement of clean energies.

Yours sincerely,

David Bedford,

Burnaby, BC




The Honourable Terry Beech, P.C., M.P.

House of Commons

Ottawa, Ontario

K1A 0A6




The Honourable John Horgan, M.L.A.

Premier of British Columbia

PO Box 9041

Station Provincial Government

Victoria BC  V8W 9E1





Natural Resources Canada


June 17, 2020


David Bedford


Dear Mr. Bedford,

The Office of the Prime Minister has forwarded to the Honourable Seamus O'Regan, Minister of Natural Resources, a copy of your correspondence of February 15, 2020 about subsidizing Alberta's clean energy transition. I am pleased to respond on behalf of Minister O'Regan.

This is an unprecedented time as the world tries to contain the COVID-19 pandemic and limit its human and economic impact. All levels of government are working together to ensure all Canadians have the vital protection and support they need - when they need it and where they need it. The Government of Canada's first priority is the health of Canadians.

One of the greatest challenges and opportunities of our generation is to help all Canadians families, -- businesses and communities -- see the value in a cleaner future. There is a path forward to a prosperous, low-carbon future and we are working with Canadians to build that future.

To that end, federal, provincial, and territorial governments adopted the Pan-Canadian Framework on Clean Growth and Climate Change in December 2016. The Framework is an ambitious plan to meet Canada's 2030 climate change target while growing the economy. It includes pricing carbon pollution, phasing out traditional coal-fired electricity, investing in clean technologies, a new national building code, and more. Implementing the plan has put us on track to meet our 2030 target -- but we need to do more. We are working to identify pathways to exceed our 2030 target and achieve net- zero emissions by 2050, while creating good jobs and making life more affordable for Canadians. We will bring forward new and enhanced measures to get there.

The Government of Canada is taking measures to support the transition to a low-carbon economy through a series of national programs, including funding for renewable energy technologies not yet established in Canada, reducing the reliance of rural and remote communities on diesel fuel by supporting clean, renewable energy infrastructure, and Smart grid technologies deployment and demonstration to expand the reach of renewable energy. Combined, these programs are supporting 6 projects in 6 communities in Alberta, representing approximately 36 megawatts of renewable energy and nearly $60 million in federal funding. For example, a 2.2 megawatt solar farm in the northern Alberta community of Fort Chipewyan, which is owned by an Indigenous limited partnership called Three Nations Energy.

Canada is committed to phasing-out traditional coal-fired electricity generation by 2030. Phasing out coal is an important part of Canada's climate plan, but we also cannot forget what that means for families and communities in New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Saskatchewan and Alberta, the four provinces that are still using coal today.

The Government of Canada committed $185 million through Budget 2018 and Budget 2019 to support communities impacted by the coal phase-out. The total amount includes $35 million for skills development and economic diversification activities and $150 million for infrastructure projects. Some projects are funded and underway, including a new Business Hub in the Town of Hanna, Alberta. The Business Hub will provide concierge services. administrative support and mentoring to local entrepreneurs and businesses in support of economic diversification.

As Canada moves to a low-carbon future, it is critical that we maintain a focus on people. Canada' s energy sector supports nearly one million jobs across the country. The energy transition will present workers and communities with new opportunities, as well as challenges. Ensuring that Canadian workers have the support and skills they need to seize those opportunities is essential to building a sustainable and prosperous future for Canada. Our government understands the need to engage Canadians on the implications of climate change and the future of Canada's energy system. That is why, in 2017, we launched the Generation Energy dialogue, which gave Canadians across the country the opportunity to participate in a conversation on our energy future. Canadians told us they want to play an active role in building Canada's low-carbon energy future, with leadership and action coming from all parts of society. The results from Generation Energy (report available at: continue to inform our path to net- zero emissions and our work to create a clean, reliable, and affordable energy system.

With regards to the TMX project, its approval falls within Canada's emissions target under the Pan-Canadian Framework on Clean Growth and Climate Change, an ambitious and achievable national climate plan that includes a price on pollution, investments in renewable energy, the phasing-out of coal, a 100-megatonne cap on greenhouse gas emissions from the oil sands, and more. In announcing the decision on the Project, the Government also announced that every dollar the Government earns from the Project will be invested in Canada's clean energy transition.

The Government can make this transition -- and do a better job of protecting the environment -- in a way that benefits Canadians and Canadian businesses while creating good, well-paying jobs for the middle class; diversifying markets for Canada's natural resources; and advancing reconciliation with Indigenous Peoples.

To learn more about the steps the Government is taking. please visit the TMX website at The site highlights information on the Project, including sections dedicated to tracking the Government's actions and other important information on activities related to the Project.

Again, thank you for writing about this important matter and I trust this brings the matter to a close. Stay safe and healthy.



Mollie Johnson
Assistant Deputy Minister
Low-Carbon Energy Sector
Natural Resources Canada